Aldous Leonard Huxley, who came from a well-known family of freethinkers, was a prominent English writer, novelist, and philosopher. Of his published novels, the best known is the fifth Brave New World, which is a distopian work that varied greatly from his previous social satires. Eventually leaving his native land, Huxley spent the last 25 years of his life living is Los Angeles.
Edward Morgan Forster was an English novelist best known for his novels Howards End and A Room with a View. Forster was nominated for a Nobel Prize in Literature in 13 different years. His novels focus mainly on class distinctions and hypocrisy in 20th-century British society.
Jane Austen was a romantic novelist whose works are some of the most widely read in English literature. While not prolific, Austen's best know works include the beloved novels Pride and Prejudice and Emma that have each inspired many film adaptations. Her plots feature themes of love and marriage, highlighting the role women in the early 19th century and their need to secure position through a marital alliance.
Charlotte Brontë was an English novelist and poet, who also published under the name Currer Bell. Charlotte, and her two famous literary sisters Emily and Charlotte, lived in Yorkshire. After the success of Jane Eyre Bronte revealed her identity to London society and developed friendships with other prominent literary figures of the day including Elizabeth Gaskell.
Herbert George Wells was a prolific English writer best remembered for his science fiction novels including The Time Machine (1895), The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), and The War of the Worlds (1898).
Eric Arthur Blair, who used the pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. Orwell is best known for his dystopian novel 1984 and his allegorical novella Animal Farm. Orwell's cultural influence continues to this day in the terms Orwellian, cold war, Big Brother, Thought Police, Room 101, Memory hole, doublethink, and thoughtcrime.
Emily Jane Brontë was an English novelist and poet who is best known for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature. Emily was the third eldest of the four surviving Brontë siblings, between the youngest Anne and her brother Branwell. She wrote under the pen name Ellis Bell.